NOTHING NEW UNDER THE SUN (ALMOST)
25th July, 1913 : Germany and Turkey have given way to British pressure and agreed to abandon plans for a rail link to the Persian Gulf. The deal should allay Britain’s fears surrounding the construction of the Constantinople to Baghdad line. The plan for the Ottoman railway dates back to 1899. It is being built with German money, expertise and manpower and was originally intended to link the Ottoman capital with the major cities in Mesopotamia. The section from Constantinople to Aleppo is already open, while the Nisibin line should be completed by 1918.
What worried the British was the projected 80-mile extension from Basra to the Persian Gulf, which would have given Germany access to the sea and threatened British commercial and political interests around the Gulf region.