NOTHING NEW UNDER THE SUN (ALMOST)
16th November, 1903 : Russia’s Social Democrats have formalised their split into two groups at a meeting in London. At the end of stormy congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party Vladimir Lenin obtained a majority after several delegates had left. His supporters call themselves Bolsheviks (“majority”) and they believe a revolution must be led by a single centralised party of professional revolutionaries. The opposing Mensheviks (“minority”) are led by Yuly Martov and they advocate a broad proletarian party. The congress took place in London because most of the leaders of Russian socialism are exiles.
[Yuliy Osipovich Tsederbaum a.k.a Julius Martov, born in Constantinople on 24th November, 1873, died in Schömberg, Germany in April, 1923.]