august memories / 02


2nd August, 1947 : The Dutch and Indonesian Governments complied with a UN Security resolution and agreed to a cease-fire after a fortnight of fighting between their armies in the Dutch East Indies. It is the first time the newly formed United Nations has succeeded in halting a military conflict. Indonesia was granted independence by the occupying Japanese shortly before their defeat, but the Dutch refuse to recognise this and last month advanced against republican forces in the tobacco and rubber-rich region of Sumatra. They began an offensive in Java, capturing all the main ports on the island before the cease-fire came into force.

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