august memories / 09


9th August, 1945 : For the second time an atomic bomb fell upon Japan today, obliterating Nagasaki, the ship-building centre on the Japanese island of Kyushu. Smoke and dust clouds completely covered the town and rose five miles high in a giant mushroom-shaped cloud. Japan claims that 70,000 perished. The world’s first atomic bomb, with 2,000 the blast power of the “Grand Slam” British bomb yet only a tenth of the size, destroyed Hiroshima three days ago. President Truman delivered a fresh warning: “If Japan does not surrender, atomic bombs will be dropped on her war industries.”

[America had no more bombs, but the bluff worked. On 15th August Hirohito surrendered. A study done for Secretary of War Henry Stimson’s staff estimated that conquering Japan would cost 1.7 – 4 million American casualties, including 400,000–800,000 fatalities, and five to ten million Japanese fatalities]

About Avadoro Worden

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