10th December, 1905 : Robert Koch, the German bacteriologist, today received the Nobel Prize for identifying the germ that causes that most dreaded of diseases: tuberculosis. This discovery, made in 1882, was only one highlight in a career that has established Koch as one of the greatest of all bacteriologists. He also discovered the germs that cause anthrax and cholera, and more recently he has proved that bubonic plague is transmitted by rat lice and sleeping sickness by the tsetse fly.

Koch, who established the classic rules for proving that a particular germ causes a disease, also developed the use of aniline dyes for staining bacteria to aid recognition and ways of growing them outside the body.

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