NOTHING NEW UNDER THE SUN (ALMOST)
29th October, 1914: The Turkish Government, in dramatic fashion, declared war on the Allies by bombarding the cities of Odessa, Sevastopol and Theodosia on the Russian Black Sea coast. The pro-German sentiments of Turkish Minister of War, Enver Pasha, and the presence of the German cruisers Goeben and Breslau in the Constantinople port provided impetus for the declaration. Turkey’s alignment with the Central Powers is certain to close Dardanelles, the main line of communication between Russia and the Allies. German Admiral von Souchon is now commanding the Turkish fleet. Turkey’s entrance into the war will change the complexion of the Allies’ strategy. The British First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill wasted no time in urging action against the Turks to restore access to the route to Russia.