No pain no gain – but unfortunately unnecessary pain when the obvious dangers are ignored. Politicians suffer no pain – you do.

27th July, 1941 : The Germans take Tallinn, capital of Estonia, on the Gulf of Finland.


In the central sector the encirclement of Soviet forces at Smolenks is completed . However, the Russians manage to organize a new defensive line 25 miles east of the city, and their artillery reveals a certain superiority. In the Smolenks ‘cauldron’ their multiple rocket-lauchers firing 320 rockets in 25 seconds (called ‘Katyusha; by the Russians and ‘Stalin’s organs’ by the Germans) make their first appearance, striking mortal terror into the Germans – and into the Russian infantry too, since they had not heard of this new weapon.

About Ludwig von Gress

Born in communist Europe, interested in defence matters on a macro scale, with a cavalry “devil may care spirit” from his grandfather and cautious effectiveness of asymmetric warfare approach from his guerilla father. He sometimes despairs that he may be the only one taking the defence of Australia seriously.
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