No pain no gain – but unfortunately unnecessary pain when the obvious dangers are ignored. Politicians suffer no pain – you do.

31st October, 1941 : The Luftwaffe carries out at least 45 air raids on Moscow in a single day.

In the extreme north of Finland, German mountain troops under General Dietl (but who come under the command of the commander-in-chief of the occupation forces in Norway, General von Falkenhorst) make a thrust towards Murmansk, but are soon firmly checked by the Russians. In central Finland there are two German divisions of XXXVI Army Corps in action, while Finnish troops are operating from the area of Salla to Karelian isthmus, though their offensive thrust is becoming exhausted.

About Ludwig von Gress

Born in communist Europe, interested in defence matters on a macro scale, with a cavalry “devil may care spirit” from his grandfather and cautious effectiveness of asymmetric warfare approach from his guerilla father. He sometimes despairs that he may be the only one taking the defence of Australia seriously.
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