No pain no gain – but unfortunately unnecessary pain when the obvious dangers are ignored. Politicians suffer no pain – you do.

12th November, 1941 : Final plans are laid for the culminating offensive against Moscow: the II Panzergruppe (Guderian), with the 2nd army protecting its flank, is to advance from Tula towards Kolmna; 4th Army is to attack frontally in order to engage the maximum number of Soviet forces; the III Panzergruppe (Hoth) and IV Panzergruppe (Hoeppner), covered on the left flank by the 9th Army, is to cross the Moscow-Volga canal and outflank Moscow to the north and then turn south-east to join up with the Guderian’s force.

The temperature is 12° bellow zero; next day it falls even lower. Many Germans suffer from frostbite.

About Ludwig von Gress

Born in communist Europe, interested in defence matters on a macro scale, with a cavalry “devil may care spirit” from his grandfather and cautious effectiveness of asymmetric warfare approach from his guerilla father. He sometimes despairs that he may be the only one taking the defence of Australia seriously.
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